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In order to make sense of all the post-election auditing proposals currently out there, I've created a bibliography of all the post-election audit work that I know of. Please let me know if I've left anything out; my intention is to include everything out there. (I will update my bibliography and this post as changes are made.)
(The current version of this document in PDF form is available here: http://josephhall.org/papers/auditing_biblio.pdf.)
Post-Election Manual Auditing of Paper Records Bibliography (ordered by date)
Roy G. Saltman, Effective Use of Computing Technology in Vote-Tallying, Technical Report NBSIR 75--687, National Bureau of Standards, Information Technology Division, (March 1975), available at: http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/NBS_SP_500-30.pdf.
Walter R. Mebane, Jr., Jasjeet S. Sekhon, and Jonathan Wand, Detecting and Correcting Election Irregularities, (October 9, 2003), available at: http://wand.stanford.edu/research/detecting.pdf.
C. Andrew Neff, Election Confidence---A Comparison of Methodologies and Their Relative Effectiveness at Achieving It (Revision 6), (December 17, 2003), available at: http://www.votehere.net/papers/ElectionConfidence.pdf.
Jonathan Wand, Auditing an Election Using Sampling: The Impact of Bin Size on the Probability of Detecting Manipulation (version as of February 17, 2004), (February 2, 2004), available at: http://wand.stanford.edu/elections/probability.pdf.
Douglas W. Jones, Auditing elections, Communications of the ACM 47:10 46-50, (October 2004), available at: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1022594.1022622.
Brennan Center Task Force on Voting System Security (Lawrence Norden, Chair), The Machinery of Democracy: Protecting Elections in an Electronic World, (March 7, 2006), available at: http://www.brennancenter.org/programs/downloads/Full%20Report.pdf.
Arel Cordero, David Wagner, and David Dill, The Role of Dice in Election Audits---Extended Abstract, IAVOSS Workshop On Trustworthy Elections (WOTE 2006), (June 29, 2006), available at: http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~daw/papers/dice-wote06.pdf.
Kathy Dopp, How Can Independent Paper Audits Detect and Correct Vote Miscounts? (version as of July 25, 2006), (June 30, 2005), available at: http://electionarchive.org/ucvAnalysis/US/paper-audits/Paper_Audits.pdf.
Ellen Theisen, Auditing Election Equipment --- The Real Scoop!, (August 27, 2005), available at: http://www.votersunite.org/info/auditingissues.pdf. (Movie available at: http://homepage.mac.com/sheltonlankford/.Public/RandomSample.mov and excel spreadsheet at: http://www.votersunite.org/info/AuditEffectivenessCalculator.xls)
Howard Stanislevic, Random Auditing of E-Voting Systems: How Much Is Enough? (version as of August 16, 2006), (August 9, 2006), available at: http://www.votetrustusa.org/pdfs/VTTF/EVEPAuditing.pdf.
Jonathan D. Simon, JD and Bruce O'Dell, An End To "Faith-Based" Voting: Universal Precinct-based Handcount Sampling To Check Computerized Vote Counts In Federal and Statewide Elections, Election Defense Alliance, (September 8, 2006), available at: http://electiondefensealliance.org/files/UPSEndFaithBasedVoting.pdf.
Ron Rivest, On Estimating the Size of a Statistical Audit, unpublished draft (version as of November 14, 2006), (September 19, 2006), available at: http://theory.lcs.mit.edu/~rivest/Rivest-OnEstimatingTheSizeOfAStatisticalAudit.pdf. (Howard Stanislevic has developed a computer program for calculating Rivest?s equation here: http://mysite.verizon.net/evoter/AuditCalc.htm.)
Kathy Dopp and Frank Stenger, The Election Integrity Audit (version as of September 25, 2006), available at: http://electionarchive.org/ucvAnalysis/US/paper-audits/ElectionIntegrityAudit.pdf. (A computer program developed by Frank Stenger and Kathy Dopp for calculating audit details is here: http://electionarchive.org/auditcalculator/eic.cgi.)
Unknown authors, The Titanium Standard for Election Verification and Security, (October 1, 2006), available at: http://www.velvetrevolution.us/titanium.pdf.
Jerry Lobdill, Considering Vote Count Distribution in Designing Election Audits (Revision 1), (October 9, 2006), available at: http://vote.nist.gov/Considering-Vote-Count-Distribution-in-Designing-Election-Audits-Rev-2-11-26-06.pdf.
Jerry Lobdill, Election Audit Sampling Plan Design---It's Not Just About Sampling Without Replacement, (October 9, 2006), available at: http://vote.nist.gov/Election-Audit-Sampling-Plan-Design-Its-Not-Just-About-Sampling-Without-Replacement-10-09-06.pdf.
Howard Stanislevic, Larger Audits Required to Confirm 2006 US House Races, (December 20, 2006), available at: http://www.votetrustusa.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2135&Itemid=26
Kathy Dopp, How Big Should an Election Audit Be? Fixed Rate Audits Do Not Work For Elections, (January 17, 2007), available at: http://electionarchive.org/ucvAnalysis/US/paper-audits/ElectionAuditEstimator.pdf
Kathy Dopp, Tiered Election Audits Based on Margins between Candidates, (January 23, 2007), available at: http://electionarchive.org/ucvAnalysis/US/paper-audits/FourTierAudit/TieredElectionAudits.pdf
Andrew Appel, Effective Audit Policy for Voter-Verified Paper Ballots in New Jersey, (February 22, 2007), available at: http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~appel/papers/appel-nj-audits.pdf
Kathy Dopp, Fool Me Once: Checking Vote Count Integrity, (March 3, 2007), available at: http://electionarchive.org/ucvAnalysis/US/paper-audits/TierElectionAuditEval.pdf